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With recent changes to restrictions on businesses, we are pleased to advise that effective May 19, 2020 the restrictions on veterinary practices have been lifted. This protects your pet for the next three years, and although many veterinarians still practice annual vaccination for Rabies, it is not actually required by law or the manufacturers of the vaccine. Sign up to receive our free email newsletter, packed full of news, advice, special offers and discounts. Your indoor cat is at a very low risk of contracting rabies but your local jurisdiction may require a current rabies vaccine certification. The Herman family cats had rabies shots as kittens, but their owners skipped the boosters that came due last year. The most frequent question we get from owners is: Question: “My cat is indoors only. They are willing to discuss the risks to your individual cat, and you both can make the best decision. Then one afternoon in April, a bat came into the Hermans’ enclosed patio. So no, you are not a terrible person if you don’t want to vaccinate your indoor-only cat annually. The trend is changing to three-yearly vaccination instead. There can be no disputing that vaccines save lives but they also have the potential to cause serious side effects which will be discussed on this webpage.Before we get started on this discussion, it is important to understand that there is no single vaccine protocol t… - Your dedicated team at Hillcrest Animal Hospital. . Not specified, but "rabies vaccination of dogs, cats, and ferrets is required in accordance with schedules in the Compendium of Animal Rabies Prevention and Control, 2011 . If your cat is truly 100% indoors, and does not have contact with indoor-outdoor cats, the current recommendation is to continue to receive boosters for panleukopenia, feline herpes type 1, calicivirus every 3 years, as these diseases do not require direct cat-to-cat contact to spread. I hear you – your cat is an indoor cat. Check with your cat’s veterinary office to see exactly which of your cats are due for vaccinations, and see if you need vaccines for indoor cats. 1. If the bat has been captured, do not crush the bat or throw it away, as intact bats can be tested for rabies, which can help you avoid post exposure rabies shots. Unfortunately, it's a common misconception that indoor cats don't need to be vaccinated because they won't encounter other cats or disease-carrying animals. . Rabies is a viral disease typically found in wild animals—most commonly raccoons, bats, skunks and foxes. Rabies vaccine. Rabies is still a very real issue here in Canada. Throughout Canada, there are many more positive cases that involve dogs, cows, and arctic foxes. From 1964 to 1989 there were no cases of rabies in cats in Pinellas County. Any bites are required to be reported to the health unit. Any cat that ventures outside should be vaccinated in full. However, that’s not the reason for a Rabies vaccination. Many veterinarians these days carry 3-year vaccines of both the FVRCP and Rabies. Primary vaccination is essential in order to prevent the return of the once common deadly infectious diseases in kittens and cats. Monday to Friday 9:00 am – 5:00 pmSaturday & Sunday: Closed. How do vaccinations work? Unless you live in an impregnable compound sealed off hermetically from all contact with the outside world, yes. In fact, rabies vaccinations are required by law in all felines. Some other important things to remember are: Kittens will get vaccinations at 8 weeks, 12 weeks and 16 weeks, then annually. This means the cat should have all core and non-core vaccines. All cats, even indoor cats, should receive the rabies vaccination and booster to avoid the various unwanted risks and consequences associated with skipping the vaccine. Why does an indoor cat need a rabies shot and vaccinations? Suggested Articles Feline Vaccines: Benefits and Risks Q: My vet tells me that my indoor-only cat, Izzy, needs … Compared to the rabies vaccination cost, the titer cost is twice the amount. Keeping your pet’s Rabies vaccination updated is vitally important everywhere in Ontario, and many places such as dog groomers and pet sitters won’t accept animals without proof of a Rabies vaccination. It can spread from animals to humans and has killed 24 Canadians since 1924 when record-keeping began. Most states require that cats be vaccinated against rabies. Pet Health 101 Pet owner handbooks. The Centers for Disease Control (CDC) states, “All dogs, cats, and ferrets should be vaccinated and revaccinated for rabies according to product label directions.” Period. questions in regards to rabies and your pet contact us at the office, What you need to know about kitten vaccinations, What you need to know about puppy vaccinations, Would You Know the Difference - Online Ordering Precautions. 7 AAC 27.022 (by regulation) Not specified, but "rabies vaccination of dogs, cats, and ferrets is required in accordance with schedules in the Compendium of Animal Rabies Prevention and Control, 2011 . Even with our best efforts, wildlife can sometimes find their way inside. Rabies affects a variety of animals, including: Your pet can contract the virus by eating the flesh or excrement of an infected animal, drinking from the same water bowl or simply frequenting the same area and coming into contact with saliva. By the time she reaches eight weeks old, your kitten should see the veterinarian to begin a series of vaccinations. But how much of a risk does Rabies really present to your pet, and does the Rabies vaccine offer adequate protection? It also depends on whether he walks off-lead or on-lead only so you can monitor anything he ingests, and whether there’s ever a risk of physical contact with wild animals such as raccoons and skunks. Cat rabies vaccines are available as 1-year vaccines and 3-year vaccines. What Pet Owners Need to Know About Rabies Vaccinations in New York State (Effective November 20, 2002, this information sheet must be provided by pet dealers to consumers upon point of sale of cats, d ogs, and ferrets.) Most important shots all indoor cats really need Rabies: I don’t know about you, but rabies scares me. After your pet is vaccinated the first time, it must get a booster shot within 1 year of the date they were vaccinated. State law requires rabies vaccinations (shots) for all cats… Wild animals such as raccoons, skunks, foxes and bats and meat-eating animals including wolves and coyotes. They may only be out for a few hours or a couple days but during that time there is a risk that they may be exposed to an animal with rabies. The specific shots your kitten should have will depend on where you live, whether your cat will roam the neighborhood or stay inside, and whether you have other cats co-ruling your home. Wishing you a happy and healthy holiday season! Depending which state you live in the laws may differ regarding this vaccine. physical contact with wild animals such as raccoons and skunks, 4 Reasons Why Pet Vaccinations Still Matter, 3 Ways to Identify Intestinal Parasites in Dogs And Cats. All cats that are outdoors in an enclosed yard and that do not wander off their owner’s property but could be exposed to rabid animals and to diseased cats do, of course, need … Among the 149 Ontario cases, 1 of those positives was a cat, with the most cases coming from raccoons, skunks, and bats. Check with your cat’s veterinary office to see exactly which of your cats are due for vaccinations, and see if you need vaccines for indoor cats. It is also a common route of exposure for people here in North America. Rabies is fatal in animals and if not treated immediately, it is also fatal in humans as well. Only a few of them might be due for vaccinations. Even cats that spend 100% of their time indoors should be vaccinated. Here is a helpful Article that not only discusses the rabies vaccine for indoor cats but also legal requirements and mandatory regulations: Do Indoor-only Cats Need Rabies Shots? They figured the vaccinations weren’t necessary because the cats stayed indoors and lived in a region where rabies isn’t much of a problem. Yearly vaccinations are a MUST if your cat goes outside, even if they are in a fenced-in area. Up to 30% of confirmed cases of Rabies in Ontario are found in skunks and bats, while up to 6% of cases are found in dogs and 2.5% in cats. Note that both prices include vet consultation fees. Raccoons sneak their way into garages to rummage through garbage bins. Rabies inoculation of companion animals; availability of certificate; rabies clinics. In the past, pets were vaccinated annually, but in recent years pet owners have questioned whether this is really necessary. Rabies vaccination is an important and required vaccine for all cats. The real reason why you need to get your pet vaccinated is because once it is contracted, the disease is incredibly devastating. A lot. The AAFP does not recommend the Leukemia vaccine for indoor only cats beyond the kitten shots, so that’s an easy decision. Vaccinations are important to prevent serious illness in cats. Be sure to check with your local authorities for … Read about nutrition, exercise, vaccinations, spaying and neutering, common … However, there is no evidence that annual booster vaccination is anything but beneficial to the majority of cats. Your… Since the 1989 law there was one cat with rabies contracted from the bite of a bat. My question was more about what cats need IN ADDITION TO rabies, if anything. . According to the CDC, raccoons have a higher incidence of rabies than other wild animals, however bites from bats are the most frequent cause of people contracting the rabies virus. The shots come in a series every 3 to 4 weeks. The virus then spreads to the salivary glands and mixes with the saliva in the mouth of the carrier. Therefore, I would prefer to wait until the kitten is at least 16 weeks of age before receiving a PureVax rabies vaccine. There are no exceptions made for animals who live inside. Kittens are generally vaccinated once around 4 months of age or within their first year of life. Cats increase the risk by playing with bats and taking them into homes. Kitties need several immunizations during their first year to protect them against serious diseases. The timing for the rabies vaccine from Merial’s: For healthy cats 12 weeks or older use the PUREVAX Feline Rabies 3 YR, then a 1-year booster, followed by a vaccination every 3 years. Do they really need to be vaccinated for rabies?”. A common misconception is that indoor cats are not required to maintain updated vaccines as they do not have exposure to the outdoors or other animals.. How often do cats need rabies shots? In fact, rabies vaccinations are required by law in all felines. Not only are there different schedules and needed vaccines for cats and kittens, but there are also some extra vaccines for different lifestyles. We’d love to meet them! The level of risk depends on factors such as whether the dog has had a Rabies vaccination, as well as where and how often you walk your dog. Both indoor and outdoor cats are at risk for contracting rabies. Kittens are generally vaccinated once around 4 months of age or within their first year of life. For some cats, when they are nervous, their first response can be to bite or scratch. Trips to the vet clinic can be stressful for your cat and even the most well-mannered cats can become frightened. A common misconception is that indoor cats are not required to maintain updated vaccines as they do not have exposure to the outdoors or other animals. Overview However, there is no evidence that annual booster vaccination is anything but beneficial to the majority of cats. That is why we recommend that even indoor cats are vaccinated. So from the sounds of it, it’s not that easy or common for Canadian domestic cats and dogs to catch Rabies. Bats might make their way into rafters and then eventually all the way indoors. Throughout Canada, there are many more positive cases that involve dogs, cows, and arctic foxes. Don't assume that your cat doesn't need at least some vaccines just because he doesn't go outside. So from the sounds of it, it’s not that easy or common for Canadian domestic cats and dogs to catch Rabies. Are vaccinations really necessary? Outdoor cats are more likely to be exposed to the virus, but indoor cats also are vaccinated due to the disease’s severity and the risk infected-cats pose to people. Dr. Kadri explains: Rabies is an infectious disease caused by a virus that reproduces in the brain and causes damage that produces violent and irrational behaviour. Vaccinations help protect your pet from a number of potentially serious and even fatal diseases, like rabies. Visit our Must Know New Pet Owner Information page for useful resources and helpful recommendations for new pet owners. For many years, Canadian dog owners have been expected to get their pets a regular Rabies vaccination. Do Cats Need Vaccinations to Go Outside? Rabies is 100% fatal in affected animals and animals who have it can act in unpredictable ways. It’s difficult for pet parents to understand their cat’s vaccination schedule—from which ones they need to how often they need … Rabies titers are expensive with a vet quoting $250. A common misconception is that indoor cats are not required to maintain updated vaccines as they do not have exposure to the outdoors or other animals.. The Ontario Veterinary Medical association recommends that dogs and cats get vaccinated at the age of three months, and then again by the date specified on the vaccine package. Then they must be boostered a year latyer.. These shots include rabies, distemper, and upper respiratory infection. So from the sounds of it, it’s not that easy or common for Canadian domestic cats and dogs to catch Rabies. Every pet should be vaccinated — even indoor dogs and cats can be exposed to a rabid bat. The most common cause of Rabies in cats is because a bat got into the house. Even if you don’t, treatment for a possible Rabies infection involves a course of immunization to prevent the disease from developing to the point that symptoms appear, after which it may be too late to save the patient. The vaccine … Keep in mind that during the vaccination visit, your cat is also receiving a good physical examination, and this is necessary to keep … A vaccine is a substance created to incite an immune response for a particular disease.  It needs to be given multiple times to a kitten to initiate his immune system.Â, Address 17532 Hwy 2 WestTrenton, Ontario K8V 5P7 Contact E: info@hillcrestanimalhospital.ca T: 613.394.4811 F: 613.394.6239. If the cat is not up to date on their rabies vaccine, they must be quarantined for 10 days to observe for symptoms of rabies. However, any mammal can become infected if they are exposed. To ensure you have adequate supplies for the holiday season. It also protects other pets in your neighborhood. Some viruses can be carried into your home on inanimate objects such as shoes and clothing, therefore infecting your cat without her coming into contact with another animal. This is the only way to keep your cat safe. We suggest talking to your vet to get the rabies shots done every 3 years or alternatively having titer tests. It’s possible for doors to get left open long enough for a curious cat to sneak out. . § 3.2-6521. Cat vaccinations can get confusing. Recent research indicates that not all vaccines require yearly boosters. Risk Assessment. Your indoor cat should still be making annual trips to their veterinarian to have a physical examination done with their vaccines. Up to 30% of confirmed cases of Rabies in Ontario are found in skunks and bats, while up to 6% of cases are found in dogs and 2.5% in cats. Rabies is still very much present in the wildlife population in Ontario today; bats are the main vector species in this province, but there has recently been a return of cases of rabies in raccoons in southern Ontario as well. WE CAN NOW SEE ALL CASES BY APPOINTMENT ONLY. What vaccines do kittens need? Have you welcomed a new furry family member to your home? In the case of a rabies vaccine, here in Ontario Canada, every dog and cat has to be current on its rabies vaccination status. Vaccines contain viruses or bacteria that have been modified so they can’t cause disease. Same tired worn out excuses were used. Last edited: Jun 20, 2012. In some cases, animals – especially cats – with risks of auto-immune conditions may be better off not being vaccinated, but only your veterinarian can help you to determine if that’s the case. Last year, in 2017, there were 149 positive cases of rabies in Ontario alone, with 90 other positive cases throughout the rest of the country. While most small animal practices in Ontario are using a three year rabies vaccine (most are using Imrab 3 by Rhone Merieux), they are administering it on a yearly basis. A. Pets mostly contract Rabies from coming into contact with the saliva, bodily fluids or tissues of an infected animal. Do indoor cats really need vaccines? Livestock such as cattle, horses, sheep, goats and pigs, Domestic pets such as dogs, cats and ferrets. A friend and I conducted a random telephone survey of veterinary clinics in Toronto and the surrounding areas. Recent research indicates that not all vaccines require yearly boosters. In fact, rabies vaccinations are required by law in all felines. Primary vaccination is essential in order to prevent the return of the once common deadly infectious diseases in kittens and cats. The AAFP also recommends giving kittens the Leukemia vaccine, because at that young age, we still don’t know if they will be the type to charge out the door or not. Thank you for your patience and understanding and we look forward to seeing you and your furry family members again! After that, they’ll only need annual boosters. Up to 30% of confirmed cases of Rabies in Ontario are found in skunks and bats, while up to 6% of cases are found in dogs and 2.5% in cats. 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